Single folio leaf, Pages 297 and 298. 375 x 258 mm. 14 3/4 x 10 1/8 inches. Text of 2 Kings 22:37 - 2 Kings 2:16, printed in a single column of 52 lines in clear Roman type, with printed marginal notes, 2 historiated woodcut initials, 1 10-line (P), and 1 4-line (F), containing floral and figural themes inspired by ancient art. Printed on paper; text clean, unmarked, very clean, except for marginal toning and toning to the top corners. Very Good. This leaf is from an edition of the Latin Vulgate, edited by Johannes Benedictus [Jean Benoit (ca. 1484-1573)] of the Paris School of Theology; its purpose was to produce a more accurate text based on the Greek and Hebrew originals. The elegant typography can be seen in the delicate Roman type and the graceful lines of the initial letters. The extensive marginal notes point out where the Latin differs from the Hebrew and Greek, and provides more literal renderings of certain words and sentences. First printed in 1541, the various editions of Benedictus' translation were later placed on the list of books prohibited by the Roman Church (the Index Librorum Prohibitorum), perhaps because Rome felt its methodology too closely resembled humanist criticism, which was also popular with many Northern European Protestant translations. The book this leaf came from was issued by the printing house of Charlotte Guillard [(ca. 1480-1557) called Carola Guillard in Latin texts], an important early female printer. She worked in Paris at the famous Soleil d'Or printing house from 1502 until her death. She was married first to Berthold Rembolt in 1502, who worked with the earliest French printer, Ulrich Gering. When Rembolt died in 1519, the Parisian printer's guild granted her standing to head the business; she ran the shop, and proof-read Latin texts. Eventually Guillard was commissioned by the Bishop of Verona to publish his works, which garnered her greater standing among the community of printers.
Biblia Sacra Veteris & Novi Testamenti, Johannes Benedictus, Latin Vulgate Bible, Jean Benoit, Biblical Criticism, Textual Criticism, Charlotte Guillard, Carola Guillard, Woodcut Initials